Archbishop Bruno Forte on Scripture
"Listen to His Words, Let His Heart Speak to Yours"
CHIETI, Italy, JAN. 27, 2007 (Zenit.org).- Here is a translation of the
pastoral letter written in Italian by Archbishop Bruno Forte of
Chieti-Vasto, member of the International Theological Commission, on
the theme "The Word for Living: Sacred Scripture and the Beauty of God."
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The Word for Living: Sacred Scripture and the Beauty of God
Pastoral Letter for 2006-2007
Let us try together to understand what the Word of God is: If you truly
understand it, with the mind and with the heart, you will feel the need
to bring yourself to listen to the Words in which it is God himself who
speaks to you, giving you the light to know yourself in truth, wisdom
to discern the signs of his presence, strength to make you able to
speak to him Words of love, which are the voice of your prayer,
confession of your humble faith, song in the song of the whole Church,
which is born from the Word and is called by the Word to be a witness
unto the ends of the earth.
1. Why a letter on the Word of God?
I thought I should write you a letter on the Word of God because I am
convinced that in our complex society something is happening that is
similar to what is described in the book of Amos: "The days are coming,
says the Lord, when I will send a hunger into the country, not hunger
for bread nor thirst for water, but of hearing the Word of God" (Amos
8:10). I recognize this hunger in the need for love that is in each of
us, men and women of this "post-modern" time. We are becoming more and
more prisoners of our solitude. Only an infinite love can satisfy the
expectation that burns inside of us: Only the God who is love can say
to us that we are not alone in this world and that our house is in the
heavenly city, where there will no longer be neither sorrow nor death.
"From that city," writes Augustine, "our Father has sent us letters, he
has sent us the Scripture, and from this awakens our desire to return
If you understand that the Bible is this "letter of God," which speaks
to your heart, then you will approach it with the trepidation and the
desire with which one who is in love reads the Words of the beloved.
Thus God, who is Father and Mother in love, will speak just to you, and
the faithful, intelligent, humble, and prayerful listening to what he
says to you will slowly begin to satiate your need for light, your
thirst for love. Learning to listen to the voice that speaks to you in
sacred Scripture is to learn to love: The Word of God is the good news
against solitude! For this reason listening to the Scriptures is a
listening that liberates and saves.
2. God speaks!
Only God could break the silence of the heavens and irrupt into the
silence of the heart: Only he could speak to us -- as no other -- Words
of love. This is what happened in his revelation, first to the chosen
people, Israel, and then in Jesus Christ, the eternal Word made flesh.
God speaks: Through events and Words that are intimately connected, he
communicates himself to men. Put in writing under the inspiration of
the Holy Spirit, these texts constitute sacred Scripture, the dwelling
of the Word of God in the Words of men. The Word of God is God himself
in the sign of his Word! It shares in his power: "For just as from the
heavens the rain and snow come down and do not return there till they
have watered the earth, making it fertile and fruitful, giving seed to
him who sows and bread to him who eats, so shall my Word be that goes
forth from my mouth; It shall not return to me void, but shall do my
will, achieving the end for which I sent it" (Isaiah 55:10ff).
The Hebrew Word "dabar," usually translated as "Word," means Word just
as much as action: Thus, the Ten
Commandments are called "the ten Words" in Hebrew, to indicate that
they express both the demands of God's love and the help that he gives
for following them. The Lord says what he does and does what he says.
In the Old Testament he announces to the children of Israel the coming
of the Messiah and the founding of a new covenant; in the Word made
flesh he accomplishes his promises beyond all expectations. The First
Testament and the New Testament narrate the story of his love for us,
according to a path with which God prepares his people for the gift of
the covenant's fulfilment: the Old Testament is illumined by the New
and the New is prepared by the Old! How can the grown tree be any less
than the roots from which is comes? "If the root is healthy, the
branches will be too … Know that it is not you who carries the roots
but that the roots carry you" (Romans 11:16, 18). For this reason the
disciples of Jesus love the Scripture which he himself loved.
3. The Word becomes flesh
"And the Word became flesh and came to dwell among us" (John 1:14). The
fulfillment of revelation, supreme gift of divine love, is Jesus
Christ, the Son of God made man for us, the unique Word, perfect and
definitive of the Father, who in him says everything to us and gives
everything to us. In times past, God spoke in partial and various ways
to our ancestors through the prophets; in these last days, he spoke to
us through a son, whom he made heir of all things and through whom he
created the universe" (Hebrews 1:1ff). In Jesus the texts of the New
Testament acquire and manifest there full meaning: "All Scripture is a
single book and this book is Christ." To nourish oneself with
Scripture is the nourish oneself with Christ: "Ignorance of the
Scriptures," affirms St. Jerome, "is ignorance of Christ." Whoever
wants to live from Jesus must listen incessantly to the Sacred
Scriptures, no one excepted. It is in them that the countenance of the
beloved is revealed, in this today which is passing and in that day of
love without end: "I seek your face, O Lord: seeking the face of Christ
must be the life of all of us Christians.… If we persevere in seeking
the face of the Lord, at the end of our pilgrimage our eternal joy with
be Jesus, our recompense and glory forever."
4. The Spirit interprets the Word
How can we meet the Living One in the garden of the Scriptures, as in
the garden of the sepulcher? If we wish to happen to us what happened
to the woman whose eyes were opened to recognize the risen Lord after
first taking him to be the gardener (cf. John 20:15ff), it is necessary
to be called by the beloved, touched by the fire of his Holy Spirit:
"The comforter, the Holy Spirit who the Father will send in my name, he
will teach you all things and remind you of all I have said" (John
14:26). The Holy Spirit who guided the chosen people, inspiring the
authors of the sacred Scriptures, opens the heart of the believer to
the understanding of what is contained in the Scriptures. Thus, the
Scriptures "grow with the one who reads them."
No encounter with the Word of God will be experienced, then, without an
invocation of the Spirit who opens the sealed book, moving the heart
and turning it to God, opening the eyes of the mind and giving
sweetness in consenting to and believing the truth. It is the Spirit
who will lead us into the whole truth through the door of the Word of
God, making us workers and witnesses of the liberating power that it
contains and which is so necessary in a Word that often seems to have
lost its taste and passion for truth. Before reading the Scriptures,
you must always invoke the giver of gifts, the light of hearts: the
5. The Church: creature and house of the Word
To make us capable of faithfully receiving the Word of God, the Lord
Jesus wanted to leave us -- together with the Spirit -- also the gift
of the Church, founded on the Apostles. They were the ones who received
the Word of salvation and handed it down to their successors as a
precious jewel, kept in the secure custody of the people of God on
pilgrimage through time. The Church is the house of the Word, the
community of interpretation, guaranteed by the guidance of the
shepherds to whom God wished to entrust his flock.
The faithful reading of Scripture is not the work of solitary
navigators, but is done in the bark of Peter: proclamation, catechesis,
liturgical celebration, the study of theology, personal or group
meditation, also in the family and spiritual understanding that has
matured along the path of faith are all channels that allow us to come
to know the Bible in the life of the Church. It is particularly
beautiful and fruitful to meditate on the Word according to the
distribution of readings proposed by the daily liturgy, letting take us
by the hand through the luxuriant forest of biblical texts.
Accompanied by mother Church, no baptized person should feel
indifferent to the Word of God: listening to it, proclaiming it,
allowing it to enlighten us so that we may enlighten others -- these
are tasks that touch all of us, each one according to the gift he has
received and the responsibility entrusted to him, with the missionary
passion that Christ asks of his disciples, no one excluded (cf. Mark
16:15). This is why I wanted in the diocese a school of the Word open
to all! From priests to deacons, from parents to catechists, from
consecrated men to consecrated women, from theologians to teachers,
from members of associations and movements to each baptized individual,
whether young or old, we are all called to be the Church generated by
the Word that proclaims the Word: even you!
6. The obedience of faith to the Word
You will truly correspond to the Word of the Lord if you bear along it
in that welcoming listening that is the obedience of the faith, "by
which man commits his whole self freely to God, offering the full
submission of intellect and will to the God who reveals and freely
assenting to the truth revealed by him." The God who presents
himself to your heart calls you to offer to him not just a part of you
but your entire self. This receptive listening makes you free: "If you
remain faithful to my Word, you will truly be my disciples and you will
know the truth and the truth will set you free" (John 8:31-32).
In the Word it is God himself who comes to you and transforms you: "The
Word of God is living, efficacious and sharper than any two-edged
sword; it penetrates to the very division of the soul and spirit, the
joints and marrow, and able to discern reflections and thoughts of the
heart (Hebrews 4:12). Give yourself, then, to the Word. Trust in it. It
is eternally faithful, like the God who speaks it and inhabits it. That
is why if you welcome the Word in faith, you will never be alone: In
life, as in death, you will enter through it into the heart of God:
"Learn to know the heart of God by the Words of God." Listen, read,
meditate on the Word; taste it, love it, celebrate it; live it and
proclaim it in Words and deeds: this is the way that is opening to you
if you understand that in the Word of God is the fountain of life. In
it God visits you in person: for this reason the Word implicates you,
catches up your heart, and offers itself to your faith as a help and a
defense in your spiritual growth.
7. A way of welcoming the Word: "lectio divina"
How should we read the Word of God? A tried and true way of delving
into it and tasting it is "lectio divina," which constitutes an
authentic spiritual journey in various stages. The first stage is the
"lectio," reading. Read a passage of Scripture attentively and more
than once and ask yourself: "What is the text itself about?" Move on
then to the "meditatio," meditation, which is like an interior resting.
Recollect yourself and ask God: "What are you saying to me with these
Words of yours?" Adopt the attitude of the young Samuel: "Speak, Lord.
Your servant is listening!" (1 Samuel 3:10). Then answer with prayer,
"oratio," turning to the God who has spoken to you: "What will I say to
you, my Lord?" Ask the Lord to live in the house of your heart so that
he transforms your thoughts and your steps. You now arrive at the
"contemplatio," that active contemplation in which your heart, touched
by the presence of Christ, will ask: "What must I do now to realize
this Word?" and will try to live it.
Through these four ways -- attention, understanding, judgment, decision
-- experienced in the encounter with the Word, it will be for you as a
"lamp that shines in a dark place until the dawn comes and the morning
star rises in your hearts" (2 Peter 1:19). Precisely in this way
Scripture can guide and accompany you on the paths of life: "Your Word
is a lamp for my steps, a light on my way" (Psalm 118 :105).
Sometimes it can seem that the Word you have read says nothing to you.
Do not be discouraged! Return to it and ask: "Lord give me life
according to your Word" (Psalm 118 :107). The problem you are
having has been experienced by many before you, Abraham, Sara, Moses,
Jeremiah, Esther, John the Baptist, Peter, Paul: These and other men
and women of the Bible can tell you about the struggle and the joy of
believing. Try to meet them by meditating on the texts that narrate
their story, using the steps of the "lectio divina": You will discover
how near they are to your questions and how their experience speaks to
you -- this is the way that I am trying to follow in the meetings of
the "laboratory of faith" which have been directed above all to young
8. The Word: fount of love
The Words of the God who is love make us capable of loving. Love is the
fruit that is born from the true hearing of the Word: "Be doers of the
Word," says St. James, "and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves"
(1:22). He who allows himself to be enlightened by the Word knows that
the meaning of life does not consist in being focused on himself, but
in that exodus from self without return, which is love. Listening to
sacred Scripture makes you feel loved and renders you capable of
loving: If you hand yourself over without reserve to the God who loves
you he will be the one who gives you to others, enriching you with all
the necessary power to put yourself at their service.
This is why Benedict XVI especially invites young people, who stand
before life, "to acquire a familiarity with the Bible, to have it at
their fingertips, so that it be as a compass indicating which road to
take." The Word is a certain guide because -- among the many
distractions of the world -- it leads us to commit ourselves to others
in the footsteps of Jesus, to recognize in them his voice that calls
us. The works are our signs of caritas in our Church: counseling
centers, homeless shelters, soup kitchens, etc., the different
volunteer activities, the challenges of justice, of peace, and of care
for creation, the people that knock at your heart each day, await you
to see whether the Word you listen to has truly changed your heart. If
you do these things, then you can feel that the following Words of the
Lord are directed to you: "Each time you did these things for the least
of my brethren, you did them to me" (Matthew 25:40).
9. The Word: fount of joy and hope
Archbishop Bruno Forte on Scripture and the
Beauty of God
If you listen to the Word and carry it with you, you will sense that
your life is in the heart itself of God, whence is born confidence for
the present and hope for tomorrow: "Whoever hears my Words and puts
them into practice," says Jesus, "is like a wise man who built his
house on rock" (Matthew 7:24). This confidence is nourished by the joy
of feeling loved: "When your Words found me I devoured them; they
became my joy and the happiness of my heart because I bore your name, O
Lord, God of hosts" (Jeremiah 15:16). This is why the two disciples on
the road from Jerusalem to Emmaus, in the explanation of the Scriptures
experienced a burning in their hearts, they rediscovered the reasons
for hope, they were full of the joy of the meeting (cf. Luke 24:13-35).
Scripture, which is the account of the history of the covenant between
God and his people, is a living memory of this great love, which
awakens confidence in him who will bring his promises to fulfillment.
Giving you reasons for life and hope, the Word opens you to God's
tomorrow and helps you bring it into the present by the power of humble
acts of faith and simple gestures of charity. It is because of its
power that the Word is also the reason for the great hope that animates
ecumenical dialogue: If we make the effort to be disciples of the one
Word, how can we consider our divisions more important than the unity
to which the Word calls us?
10. From the Word to silence
From obedient listening to the Word flows, therefore, the eloquent
silence of life: "We give thanks to God always because, having received
from us the divine Word we preached, you accepted it not as the Word of
men but, as it truly is, the Word of God who is at work in you who
believe" (1 Thessalonians 2:13). This existence which is inhabited by
the Eternal is constantly nourished by listening to his silence, which
comes to us through the Word and opens us up to the silence of desire
and expectation. Those who love the Word, know how necessary silence is
-- both interior and exterior -- to truly hear it, and to allow that
its light transform us through prayer, reflection, and discernment: In
an environment of silence, in the light of the Scriptures, we learn to
recognize the signs of God and to bring our problems to the plan of
salvation to which the Scripture bears witness. Listening is the
fruitful silence inhabited by the Word: "The Father pronounced one
Word, which was his Son and he repeats it in an eternal silence; thus
it must be listened to in silence by the soul." Never pronounce,
then, the Word of life, without having traveled long in the paths of
silence, in the meditative and profound silence of the Word that comes
from the Eternal!
11. The icon of Mary: the Virgin of listening
Mary is an icon of fruitful listening to the Word: She teaches us to
welcome it, to care for it, and to meditate on it without ceasing:
"Mary, for her part, treasured all these things, meditating on them in
her heart" (Luke 2:19). Perfect image of the Church, Mary allows
herself to be formed by the Word of God: "Let it be done to me
according to your Word" (Luke 1:38). And listening she makes a gift of
love: The Virgin of the annunciation goes to Elizabeth to help her in
her need. The woman of listening, Mary presents herself in the
visitation as the Mother of love: "How is it that the mother of my Lord
should come to me?" (Luke 2:43). Her voice is the bearer of messianic
joy: "When the voice of your greeting came to my ears the child in my
womb leaped for joy" (Luke 1:44).
Her blessedness is to have heard and believed the Word of the Eternal:
"Blessed is she who believed that the Lord would fulfill his words to
her" (Luke 2:45). I ask Mary -- creature of the Word, who intercedes
for us in the glory of God -- to help us to live as she did in
listening to the Word, to welcome the Word of life and bring him to
others, in transparency and in the concerns of our everyday life. Pray
with Mary, entrust yourself to her intercession (with prayer of the
rosary, for example, rich with biblical motifs), she will help you to
care for and live the divine Scriptures.
12. The Word for living
The prayer of a monk, expert in the assiduous meditation on the
Scriptures, can help us to listen to the Word of God according to
Mary's example: "We beseech you, Lord, to make us know what we love, so
that we seek nothing outside of you. You are everything for us: our
life, our light, our salvation, our food, our drink, our God. We pray
to you, our Jesus, to inspire our hearts with the breath of your Spirit
and to transfix our souls with your love so that each one of us can say
in all truth: Make me know him whom my heart loves; I am indeed wounded
by your love. I desire that those wounds be made in me, O Lord. Blessed
is the soul transfixed by charity! It will seek the fountain and drink.
Drinking from it, it will always thirst. Quenching its thirst it will
desire with ardor him for whom it always thirsts, though drinking from
this fountain continually. In this way, love is thirst for the soul
that seeks with desire; it is the wound that heals."
Only love opens one up to knowledge of the beloved: "Only he who rested
on Jesus' breast can understand the meaning of Jesus' Words." Rest
your head on the Lord's breast too, like the beloved disciple at the
Last Supper (cf. John 13:25), and listen to his Words, let his heart
speak to yours! This is what I ask of God for you as I "commend you to
God and to the Word of his grace, which is able to build you up and
give you the inheritance among all the saints" (cf. Acts 20:32). Amen!
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 "Commentary on the Psalms," 64, 2-3.
 Hugh of St. Victor, "Noah's Ark," II, 8.
 "Commentary on the Prophet Isaiah," PL 24, 17.
 Benedict XVI, Discourse of Sept. 1, 2006, at the Sanctuary of the
Holy Face of Manoppello.
 St. Gregory the Great, "Homilies on Ezekiel," I, 7, 8.
 Cf. Second Vatican Council, "Dei Verbum," 5.
 Second Vatican Council, "Dei Verbum," 5.
 St. Gregory the Great, "Letters," 5, 46.
 Message for World Youth Day 2006.
 St. John of the Cross, "Opere," Rome, 1967, 1095.
 St. Columba, "Instruction 13 on Christ Fountain of Life," 2-3,
"Opera", Dublin, 1957, 118-120.
 Origen, "In Joannem," 1, 6, PG 14, 31.
[Translation by ZENIT]